The Tehesh efficient biomass stove, Tigrai, Ethiopia

The Tehesh efficient biomass stove, Tigrai, Ethiopia
Authors (non HEDON members)
Tsige Abreha
The region of Tigrai is one of nine regions situated in the North of Ethiopia. The population is mainly rural, with 83% of the population living in rural areas. Biomass has traditionally been a 'free' resource (Figure 1), mainly as fuelwood and charcoal, and to a lesser extent as crop residues and dung. This energy supply is now under threat, due to its continuous and uncontrolled use. Although diminishing supplies were evident to women in the region, the energy situation of the region was not monitored because of a long-lasting war and political instability. It was not until after the fall of the previous regime that the energy sector was given emphasis.

Under the auspices of the Bureau of Agriculture and Natural Resources (BOANR), the Rural Energy Development Team (REDT) of the Rural Technology Promotion Center (RTPC) is one of the organisations that has been making substantial efforts to confront the energy crisis in rural areas. Among these initiatives are the construction of biogas plants, and the testing and evaluation of currently available biomass stoves.

In 1997-98, the team conducted a base-level study of rural household energy consumption and determined that the average consumption per household comprised the following:

* Fuelwood 62%
* Dung 24%
* Crop residues 12%
* Kerosene 2%

Based on these results, the team determined that most benefit could be gained from focussing on biomass stoves.
Rural Technology Promotion Center (RTPC)
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010 Stoves
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