Management of sustainable photovoltaic solar energy in the semi-arid region of State of Pernambuco

Management of sustainable photovoltaic solar energy in the semi-arid region of State of Pernambuco
Authors (non HEDON members)
Heitor S. Costa, Myriam Eck
In the rural areas of Northeast Brazil, less than 20% of rural properties receive grid electricity (1). The extension of the distribution network to attend this population, estimated at more than 20 million, may not be the best option for satisfying the energy needs of these regions, which are characterized by low population density, difficult access and low electrical energy demand. Renewable energy sources: solar and wind, offer many advantages in rural areas, because they are locally generated, are produced on a small scale, are non-polluting and are environmentally friendly. Among the technologies that make use of renewable sources of energy, solar photovoltaic systems are among the best for offering economical electrical energy.

The use of solar energy, a natural and abundant resource in the this region (2), can influence the socio-economic, commercial and agro-industrial development of rural communities, bringing about the following benefits:
* With lighting it is possible to augment the hours of work and study
* The opportunities for education increase with access to radio and television
* Health conditions improved by: having a cleaner source of lighting, for refrigerating vaccines and medication
* Reducing the isolation of the communities, because with electricity the use of radiocommunication systems and telephones is possible,
* Electrical energy can stimulate productive activities such as: pumping water for irrigation; crop processing; conservation of harvests; production of arts and crafts etc.

Another relevant aspect of photovoltaic technology is that it integrates well into the economy of the local community, which can operate, maintain and repair the equipment.
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Title in French
Gestion de l’énergie solaire photovoltaique (PV) dans une région semi aride de l’etat du Pernambouque au Brésil
Abstract in French
Ce projet situé dans le milieu rural du Nord-Est du Brésil a identifié les éléments suivants à prendre en considération. En ce qui concerne l’offre une centrale pour la fourniture de services, la promotion du solaire PV, des compagnies pour la distribution, des progammes de formation, financement des coûts initiaux, liens entre fourniture d’électricité et développement économique et social. Du côté de la demande : habitudes de consommation des ménages ruraux, projections de la demande, un plan énergétique détaillé pour déterminer les resoources requises et la participation des communautés.

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051 Solar
BoilingPoint45    Electrification    Rural    Brazil    Solarphotovoltaics   

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