The provision of household energy; Coping mechanisms of internally displaced people in Angola

The provision of household energy; Coping mechanisms of internally displaced people in Angola
Authors (non HEDON members)
Corinna Kreidler
Angola has been devastated by decades of civil war. Several attempts failed to conclude a lasting peace agreement between the Government – formed by the MPLA-party (Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola) – and the rebel group UNITA (National Union for the total Independence of Angola). The ‘Lusaka Peace Process’ initiated in 1994 with the signing of the Lusaka Peace Accord finally collapsed in December 1998. The resumption of full-scale war forced hundreds of thousands of ordinary people to flee their homes in the countryside, to seek refuge either in provincial capitals held by Government forces, or to flee to the coast where a situation of relative calm persists. Most of these internally displaced people (IDPs) fled for the third or fourth time.

People who arrived in coastal towns were immediately obliged to assemble in camps established in run-down public buildings, offering nothing more than a roof. The Government failed to provide them with food, water, clothes, medicine, health care, sanitation facilities etc. The International community was approached to take care of the basic needs of these people.
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Title in French
La fourniture d’énergie domestique dans une province angolaise: comment les personnes délocalisées font face aux contraintes.
Abstract in French
Cet article décrit les mécanismes mis en place par les populations déplacées de la province de Binguela en Angola afin de pourvoir à leurs besoins en énergie domestique. Les guerres répétées ont contraint les populations à abandonner leurs demeures et à s’établir dans des camps situés dans les zones côtieres. Les resources énergétiques dans ces zones sont rares, contraignant les populations à acheter le bois ou le charbon de bois parfois en vendant une partie des aliments fournis par les agences d’aide ou en échangeant leurs services. L’accès à l’énergie est problématique car les sources d’approvisionnement sont éloignées et le parcours tres souvent miné. Des solutions à court terme (techniques de cuisson améliorées, plantations, cuisines communautaires) ont contribué à améliorer la situation.

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BoilingPoint46    Angola    Foodsecurity    ConflictZones   

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  • A practitioner's journal on household energy, stoves and poverty reduction.

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