The Sustainable Urban Livelihoods Framework: a tool for looking at links between energy and poverty

The Sustainable Urban Livelihoods Framework: a tool for looking at links between energy and poverty
Authors (non HEDON members)
Alison Bannister
This article describes an evaluation of the importance of energy in relation to interventions, shocks and stresses in a poor community in Ghana. The focus of this article is the research findings from Moshie Zongo, one of the two urban communities studied in Ghana, located in a densely-populated inner city neighbourhood with few social and infrastructural amenities. The research was undertaken six to eight months after massive price rises for electricity and fuel had been implemented. The research was managed locally by the Energy Foundation, with social study experts from the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science & Technology, Kumasi. The Ghanian experience described in this article is part of a larger project called ‘Energy, Poverty and Sustainable Urban Livelihoods’ located in Indonesia, China and Ghana.
This project uses a Sustainable Urban Livelihoods Framework (see BP 46, page 30), to examine the links between energy and poverty. Drawing on the project’s findings, ways will be developed for measuring the importance of energy in the lives of poor urban people. The project is managed by Future Energy Solutions in partnership with the Development Planning Unit (DPU) of University College London, working closely with development, poverty and energy experts in Indonesia, China and Ghana.

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Title in French
Méthodologie pour des revenus urbains durables: un outil d'analyse de la relation énergie-pauvreté
Abstract in French
L'impact d'une augmentation de 96% des prix de l'électricité et de 64% des combustibles pétroliers au Ghana est abordé à partir de ce cadre d'analyse. Cet article traite de l'impact de cette augmentation des prix sur le capital des ménages et leurs stratégies pour faire face à cette situation. Cet article montre que les populations pauvres ne sont plus en mesure d'acheter des biens de consommation électriques, et d'épargner. Par ailleurs les visites familiales sont considérablement réduites. Les modes alimentaires ont par ailleurs changé et les dépenses de santé ont été réduites. Les entreprises ont également été durement touchées. Ce cadre d'analyse s'est avéré un instrument adéquat pour l'analyse des changements en cours.

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