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Transforming household energy practices to reduce climate risks: Charcoal use in Lusaka, Zambia

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Title
Transforming household energy practices to reduce climate risks: Charcoal use in Lusaka, Zambia
Main author (HEDON member)
aaron.atteridge@sei-international.org
Abstract
The practice of burning charcoal to service household cooking and heating needs, as is common in urban Lusaka, creates not only direct health and environmental problems but is also closely linked with the ability of communities to adapt to the impacts of climate change. Charcoal production and use directly reduces the availability of mature trees as shade against higher temperatures, which in turn increases surface runoff of precious fresh water resources. At the same time, climate change is predicted to affect the growth of woodlands that currently supply most of the charcoal, which means the fuel itself may become harder to access. Finding ways to reduce charcoal use can therefore simultaneously reduce the probable impacts of climate change for poor communities. Transforming energy markets for the poor is never easy, as decades of unsuccessful cookstove interventions can attest to. However, by better understanding what households want and need it is possible to identify a number of policy and technical solutions that could change behaviour at scale. These include improved cookstoves that have a greater resemblance to the existing mbaula stoves and are locally produced, simple solar water heating devices, as well as electricity price re-structuring to lower tariffs for the poor.
Affiliation
Stockholm Environment Institute
Journal Section
Theme Articles

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Issue
61
Pdf version
Download Boiling Point 61_Stockholm Environment Intitute.pdf
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Accepted
2012-12-10
Submitter
mohamed@hedon.info

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Technologies
011 Briquettes And Pellets
010 Stoves
Service type
032 Heating
012 Cooking
Project design
023 Delivery models
033 Monitoring And Evaluation
Capacity building
Themes
Climate change
Fuels
Charcoal
Location: continent
Africa
Location: African countries
Zambia
Keywords
improved cookstoves    charcoal    household energy    Zambia    adaptation   

Article body in English

Page name EN
BP61TransformingcharcoaluseinZambia


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