Energy Consumption in the Residential sector in the Himalayan Kingdom of Bhutan

Energy Consumption in the Residential sector in the Himalayan Kingdom of Bhutan
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Shirish Garud
Bhutan is a mountainous country located in the eastern Himalayas. The majority of Bhutan’s resident population live in rural areas. In 2005, The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) conducted an extensive survey to develop an Integrated Energy Management Master Plan (IEMMP) for the Royal Government of Bhutan. The study observed that the residential sector accounts for the highest (46.8%) of the total energy consumption in the country. Of the major residential sector end-uses such as cooking, lighting, space heating and cooking fodder for cattle, cooking alone accounts for 66% of the residential energy share, followed by fodder cooking. The majority of rural households in Bhutan use fuelwood and fodder for cooking. As a result, the per-capita fuelwood consumption in rural areas is very high at 1.19 tonnes per capita per year. However, the electrified households consume almost 23% less fuelwood in comparison to the un-electrified households. In fact, electricity tends to be the primary energy source for cooking once a household gets electrified. To reduce fuelwood consumption and to promote cleaner cooking, it is recommended that biomass-based turbo stoves or gasifier stoves and a wider scale programme to shift to electric devices for cooking is introduced to the electrified villages. However, the dissemination of energy efficient stoves would need to come with adequate training and installation support to ensure stove sustainability and equitable coverage.
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010 Stoves
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012 Cooking
Energy    BP58    Bhutan   

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  • A practitioner's journal on household energy, stoves and poverty reduction.

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