Gaia Association has resumed the distribution of clean cookstoves and ethanol fuel to 3,000 refugee households in the Kebribeyah and Awbarre camps in Eastern Ethiopia. Gaia Association and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the UN entity which manages the camps, have purchased the ethanol supply from the Ethiopian Government, the largest sugar and ethanol producer in the country.
In 2009, Ethiopian Government-regulated ethanol supply was allocated entirely for fuel blending in the transportation sector in order to reduce the country’s dependence on petroleum imports.
Since 2009, ethanol production capacity has scaled up significantly in three, large-scale plants - Finchaa, Metahara and Wonji. An additional plant, Tendaho, is currently underway with an expected capacity of 65 million liters per year - the largest plant in the country to date. These developments are part of a five-year plan to scale up to a total national production of 100 million liters of ethanol annually.
Fuel for household energy purposes is now officially recognized by the Ethiopian government as the second priority destination for ethanol, following only the transport sector. With the help of UNHCR, Gaia has secured 1.5 million liters of ethanol to resume cookstove projects in Kebribeyah and Awbarre camps....
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With Biofuels increasingly expanding, and Ethiopia being a country with a lot of potential for biofuel production due to its well established sugar industry,
- How can this be replicated in other countries?
- Is this sustainable, will household energy continue to receive a percentage share of Ethiopia's ethanol feed or as petroleum imports increase in cost is ethanol likely to be redirected back to the transport industry?