Yesterday we heard from both Tameezan, Practical Action East Africa and Tameezan,
Kiprono summarises for us:
Practical Action Sri Lanka. Tameezan gave a presentation on comparison of charcoal market dynamics in two regions in Kenya and the related policies. It is seen that charcoal is the leading source of household energy in the urban, mostly used for cooking and heating. We notice that there is a recent attempt by the government of Kenya to make charcoal production sustainable and to come up with relevant policies promoting charcoal production and marketing.
Recommendations include the need for reconciliation of central government and local government policies to allow smooth market operation of charcoal business, as well as reducing unnecessary taxes, which makes the business unattractive.
Participants asked about the uptake and distribution of the half-orange kilns within the charcoal production areas. Half orange kilns being the latest charcoal production technology, which is more efficient than the traditional methods; local environmental policies in the district and its affect on PMM of charcoal and the level of charcoal demand in the area.
In Sri Lanka, Namiz’s presentation included a capacity building exercise aimed at making market actors understand the concept of Participatory Market Systems Development. The outcome of the workshop was a recommendation to improve market policies and development of standard charcoal production specifications and to include the need for revolving funds to compensate for price fluctuation.
Yesterday evening we heard from Lucho Osorio, Practical Action; Emma Wilson, IIED and Ewan Bloomfield, Practical Action which gave us great insight into the two different methods of mapping bioenergy markets and led to some very interesting discussions around how we achieve infiltration of base of the pyramid markets and what barriers are preventing market penetration. We will be sharing these slides and feedback from yesterday over today and next week to give you a chance to input into these discussions and ideas.
This morning we welcome Ewan who will share the conclusions from the workshop in Kenya and Sri Lanka drawing on comparisons made from these two case studies.