Foundation JIN, established in 1995, is an international knowledge centre concerning climate change policy issues. The mission of JIN is to serve as a knowledge centre for climate change policy issues in general and the concept of emissions trading in particular. Their field of expertise covers issues such as climate change and energy policy, technology transfer, sustainable development, and energy market liberalisation.

JIQ is an e-magazine published by the JIN in Groningen, the Netherlands. Its aim is to provide background information and discussions about the latest developments in the field of greenhouse gas emissions trading, both quota-based and project-based emissions trading. The main focus has been on the flexibility mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol, the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and Joint Implementation (JI), and on the EU Emissions Trading Scheme. JIQ also invites readers to initiate discussions on technical and policy-related topics. The first issue of JIQ was published at the first Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC in March 1995 (Berlin) and since then more than 10 volumes have been published.

In Vol. 17, Christof Arens and Nicolas Kreibich, from the Wuppertal Institute, write about Africa's perspectives on the trading of carbon credits from the least developed countries (LDCs), illustrating technical CDM potentials, detailing opportunities, and how to over-come barriers.

"With the post-2012 climate regime still undecided, the prospects of the CDM remain uncertain ... but the EU, even in the absence of an international agreement on climate change, will continue to accept CERs for import into its emissions trading systems." Any projects that began before 2012 will be eligible; however, post-2012, only those from LDCs will be accepted.

The e-magazine continues by assessing the CDM potentials in sub-Saharan LDCs, looking at everything from cooking stoves and efficient charcoal, to residues and biofuels, and comparing their predicted carbon credits per annum. It concludes by expressing the need for current CDM projects to scale-up to meet the increasing demand for carbon credits, and highlights the barriers faced by existing activities.

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Or visit the JIN website for more information</i>