by Corinna Kreidler
Journal section: General Article
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Angola has been devastated by decades of civil war. Several attempts failed to conclude a lasting peace agreement between the Government – formed by the MPLA-party (Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola) – and the rebel group UNITA (National Union for the total Independence of Angola). The ‘Lusaka Peace Process’ initiated in 1994 with the signing of the Lusaka Peace Accord finally collapsed in December 1998. The resumption of full-scale war forced hundreds of thousands of ordinary people to flee their homes in the countryside, to seek refuge either in provincial capitals held by Government forces, or to flee to the coast where a situation of relative calm persists. Most of these internally displaced people (IDPs) fled for the third or fourth time.
People who arrived in coastal towns were immediately obliged to assemble in camps established in run-down public buildings, offering nothing more than a roof. The Government failed to provide them with food, water, clothes, medicine, health care, sanitation facilities etc. The International community was approached to take care of the basic needs of these people.
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Tags: BoilingPoint46 Angola Foodsecurity ConflictZones
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