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by Mike.Clifford@nottingham.ac.uk, sarah.jewitt@nottingham.ac.uk Charlotte Ray





Issue: 64


Journal section: Theme Articles
Download article in PDF format: Download The introduction and uptake of improved cookstoves.pdf

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Received: 2014-12-20

Accepted: 2014-12-20

Abstract


Drawing on the authors’ previous experience, literature review and preliminary fieldwork, this
article discusses some of the existing challenges faced when investigating improved cookstove (ICS)
adoption and some of the current barriers that interfere with ICS introduction and uptake in East
and Southern Africa. This article also discusses different methodological approaches that can be
taken when addressing these barriers and how this can be incorporated within the Barriers project,
an ongoing multi-disciplinary project investigating why ICS have had relatively little household or
market penetration in Southern Africa in comparison to some countries in East Africa.




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by debajit@india.com Subhes C Bhattacharyya





Issue: 64


Journal section: Theme Articles
Download article in PDF format: Download Adoption of cleaner cookstoves.pdf

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Received: 2014-12-20

Accepted: 2014-12-20

Abstract


Globally 2.6 billion people, representing around 38% of the total population, depend on solid biomass fuels to meet their basic energy needs for cooking. While rural communities are shifting to modern fuels such as LPG and electrical energy for cooking, the International Energy Agency estimates that, in the absence of new policies, the number of people relying on solid biomass will increase to over 2.7 billion by the year 2030 because of population growth, calling for a higher adoption rate of improved biomass cookstoves. This article highlights the key barriers to adoption of improved cookstoves (ICS), sharing experiences from the field in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. More emphasis on technical design of stoves to achieve higher thermal efficiency and lack of sufficient attention to consumer perspectives such as user-friendliness, purchasing capacity, income variability of rural households as well as to local capacity development of market players and stove builders create the dissemination challenge. The article suggests that stronger stakeholder partnerships, knowledge sharing, and satisfaction of user requirements through appropriate designs and diversified financing options will be required for a rapid growth of supply and demand of ICS.




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Tags: Cookstoves;    Biomass;    Energy    access;    Barriers   

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010 Stoves 012 Cooking


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Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves News





by gsmith0889@aol.com Rachel Mahmud


Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves


Issue: 69


Journal section: News Section
Download article in PDF format: Download 05666 HD Boiling Point 69 GACC News.pdf

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Received: 2017-12-10

Accepted: 2017-12-10

Abstract


Women’s Energy Entrepreneurship Workshop 2017: Empowering Women Entrepreneurs & Scaling Access to Energy






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From Barriers to Enablers: Where next for Improved Cookstoves?





by Charlotte Ray, sarah.jewitt@nottingham.ac.uk, temilade@gmail.com, Mike.Clifford@nottingham.ac.uk


University of Nottingham


Issue: 69


Journal section: Theme Articles
Download article in PDF format: Download 05666 HD Boiling Point 69 Theme Ray.pdf

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Received: 2017-12-10

Accepted: 2017-12-10

Abstract


The ‘Barriers to the introduction and uptake of improved cookstoves (ICS) in East and Southern Africa’ is a three year research project funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), Department for International Development (DfID) and Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC). As the project draws to a close, this paper reflects on the lessons that have been learned and some of the challenges still facing the stove sector, particularly in the context of enabling sustained adoption of ICS.






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Editorial





by Charlotte Ray, karabi.dutta@gmail.com, rbellanca@gmail.com, luc.severi@gmail.com





Issue: 69


Journal section: Editorial
Download article in PDF format: Download 05666 HD Boiling Point 69 Editorial.pdf

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Received: 2017-12-10

Accepted: 2017-12-10

Abstract


Issue 64 of Boiling Point, published in 2014, was dedicated to the theme ‘Barriers to Cookstoves’. This theme was driven by an Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), Department for International Development (DfID) and Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC) funded project led by the University of Nottingham, UK, investigating the ‘Barriers to the Introduction and Uptake of Improved Cookstoves (ICS) in East and Southern Africa. At the time, the issue received much attention from our readers highlighting that there is still a need to overcome many of the barriers to ICS despite interventions dating back to as early as the 1940s. As this project draws to a close, a major realisation has been that any future research would need to include ‘enablers’ from the offset rather than focussing only on the ‘barriers’. This is because ‘barriers’ derives (mainly) negative connotations and only really draws on problems associated with improved cookstove uptake (and development in general).






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Enablers of strong cookstove sales through a purchase offer approach in rural Senegal – An explorative analysis





by Gunther Bensch, Jörg Peters


RWI – Leibniz Institute for Economic Research, Essen, Germany, AMERU, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa


Issue: 69


Journal section: Theme Articles
Download article in PDF format: Download 05666 HD Boiling Point 69 Theme Bensch.pdf

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Received: 2017-12-10

Accepted: 2017-12-10

Abstract


This article outlines the main results of a study in rural Senegal where households were invited to purchase simple improved biomass cookstoves in their villages. Households’ stove purchases and willingness to pay levels turned out to be unexpectedly high considering that the stoves are generally available in the area and at least part of the study sample households were already exposed to the specific stove type before. We therefore conducted an explorative analysis of potential factors that may have triggered the high degree of sales. In particular, aspects of the applied mode of stove delivery and the specific interview situation are assessed. This serves to derive insights into potential intervention design and communication approaches for entry-level improved stoves, which are likely transferable to higher-tier modern energy access technologies as well.






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Location:
Africa Senegal

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An Interview with Paul ‘Dr TLUD’ Anderson





by Mike.Clifford@nottingham.ac.uk, psanders@ilstu.edu





Issue: 69


Journal section: Viewpoint
Download article in PDF format: Download 05666 HD Boiling Point 69 Viewpoints Anderson.pdf

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Received: 2017-12-10

Accepted: 2017-12-10

Abstract


Boiling Point guest editor, Dr. Mike Clifford speaks to
Prof.Paul Simon Anderson (a.k.a. Dr TLUD) about the
current and future prospects of TLUD woodgas stoves.






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GIZ NEWS





by Reimund Hoffmann, Anna Ingwe, Anja Rohde, Gabriele Wurster-Vihuto


GIZ HERA


Issue: 69


Journal section: News Section
Download article in PDF format: Download 05666 HD Boiling Point 69 GIZ News.pdf

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Received: 2017-12-10

Accepted: 2017-12-10

Abstract


Crowdfunding to unlock mini-grid development in Nigeria?
Energy access redefined: Emerging findings from the global MTF survey
New GIZ catalogue on DC appliances for Productive Use






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Development of clean cooking technology for rural communities in India





by Ram Chandra Pal, Vivek Jha and Manjushree Banerjee


The Energy and Resources Institute, New Delhi, India


Issue: 69


Journal section: Theme Articles
Download article in PDF format: Download 05666 HD Boiling Point 69 Theme Chandra.pdf

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Received: 2017-12-10

Accepted: 2017-12-10

Abstract


The penetration of clean fuels for cooking in rural areas in India continues to be low, with just 6.5 per cent using Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG). Rural households continue to use locally available biomass fuels for cooking. In response, TERI developed an improved cook stove model, TERI SPT 0610. Compared to a traditional mud stove, the combustion efficiency of the new model was found to be 37 per cent, with 80 per cent less carbon monoxide emissions and 72 per cent less particulate matters (PM 2.5) (TERI, 2015). The specific fuel consumption for the new stove model was reported as 186.2 g/kg of a cooked meal, which is about 73 per cent lower than the traditional mud stove used in the areas where the new product was introduced.
Given the technical performance improvements offered by the improved cook stove model, its dissemination was supported across 17 states in India.






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Location:
Asia India

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Climate finance for clean and efficient cookstoves





by h.galt@climatefocus.com Szymon Mikolajczyk


Climate Focus


Issue: 69


Journal section: Theme Articles
Download article in PDF format: Download 05666 HD Boiling Point 69 Theme Galt.pdf

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Received: 2017-12-10

Accepted: 2017-12-10

Abstract


Depressed carbon prices have left many climate change mitigation initiatives stranded. We make the case for using the architecture of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) to facilitate the transfer of international climate finance to clean and efficient cookstove projects and programmes, allowing for the rapid scale-up of registered activities and replication of efforts in new regions. The CDM offers a credible and transparent framework that enables the linking of invested funds to verified greenhouse gas mitigation impacts. Issued and subsequently cancelled carbon credits could serve to trigger results-based payments, rather than be used to compensate emissions occurring elsewhere. By targeting initiatives capable of reaching financial sustainability over time, multilateral and bilateral climate financiers can encourage the creation of mature, private sector driven cookstove markets. Such financial support could enable the scale-up of activities in line with country’s Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC), more than a quarter of which refer to cookstoves as a priority area of intervention.






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010 Stoves 012 Cooking 013 Financing Climate change


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