by Joe Obueh

Issue: 44

Journal section: General Article
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Received: 2010-08-13


In Nigeria biomass fuels now meet about 80% of domestic energy requirements. This is because the country is experiencing its worst energy crisis in its economic history, which has raised the prices of petroleum products such as kerosene and gas above the purchasing power of most consumers, especially the rural poor, who make up 70% of Nigeria's teeming population.

Forest biomass has remained the commonest source of household energy; in 1992 alone, fuelwood and charcoal production were estimated at 55 million tonnes. More than half of the 9.6 million hectares of rain forest belt in the south of Nigeria has been used to meet the demand for fuelwood in rural and urban neighbourhoods. In villages in the grassland areas of the northern part of the country that boast of about 23% of pastureland, people rely on dung as an alternative source of energy.

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Tags: BoilingPoint44    Biomass    Nigeria   


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