by Didier Bazile
Journal section: General Article
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Fuelwood (charcoal and firewood) is the main source of household energy in Madagascar. This situation is particularly alarming because the country’s forest areas are decreasing by 2.5% per year. Urban population growth is the main cause of deforestation; urban growth rate is often greater than 4% per year.
It is important to highlight that although fuel gathering is not the only cause, it is responsible for 40% of the deforestation. Given the absolute necessity for the population to use fuelwood, it is important to have an energy policy which aims to limit depletion of the country’s natural resources. The two main objectives of the Woodfuel Energy Saving National Program (PNEBE) are:
* To reduce consumption of woodfuel
* To alleviate the cost of household energy.
A first step seemed to be the dissemination of a large number of fuel-efficient improved stoves. To evaluate the usefulness of this approach, the questions that needed to be addressed were:
* How will household behaviour be affected by the introduction of improved stoves?
* Will the dissemination of improved stoves affect wood energy savings significantly from an environmental perspective?
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Tags: BoilingPoint46 Improvedstoves Environment Madagascar
010 Stoves Forestry
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