by Stuart Parkinson, Katie Begg
Journal section: General Article
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Climate change is one of the greatest environmental threats that faces humanity over the coming centuries. The main causes are the burning of fossil fuels such as coal, oil and natural gas, which lead to emissions of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide, together with deforestation. Although climate does fluctuate with time anyway, the man-made increase in greenhouse gas levels in the atmosphere is expected to produce a warming of the earth which could result in major changes in sea level, storms, flooding and droughts, and in agricultural changes. This could lead to a huge increase in the number of people left vulnerable to these global disasters.
Under the Climate Change Convention, agreed in 1992 at the Earth Summit, countries agreed to prevent ‘dangerous’ climate change by controlling emissions of these greenhouse gases (GHGs). In 1997, countries agreed on a set of actions to be carried out by the period 2008-2012, called the Kyoto Protocol. In particular, this protocol set a target of a 5% reduction from the 1990 emission levels by this time for all industrialised nations.
In addition to these commitments, a number of routes for extra funding for developing countries have been agreed, the details of which are still under discussion. This article reports the latest on this discussion, following the continuation of the climate negotiations at the recent conference, called the ‘COP6’, in The Hague in The Netherlands in November, 2000.
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022 Lighting 013 Financing Climate change
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