GIZ HERA, Deutsche Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Postfach 5180, 65726 Eschborn, Germany.
The Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves (GACC) celebrated its second anniversary on September 24th, 2012 in New York City. The Alliance took this opportunity to announce new commitments and present its second-year report Enabling Markets Worldwide.
In addition to major commitments by, e.g. the Swedish government, the German government will increase its support to the Alliance by one million euro, mainly to support the development of innovative technology and marketing approaches, and to enable capacity building for stove testing centers.
The Alliance’s anniversary event featured a panel discussion with experts from different sectors, namely investment, project implementation, manufacturing, research, humanitarian and gender). For GIZ, Anne Ingwe from Energising Development (EnDev) in Kenya spoke on opportunities and challenges for the Kenyan cookstove sector. Her contributions were highly appreciated by the audience and the GACC Secretariat.
In conjunction with the additional financial contribution from the German Government to support efforts of GACC to reach 100 million households with clean cooking technologies by 2020, GIZ is closely cooperating with the Alliance on a technical level – particularly on the international standardization of technologies, related testing procedures, market development and monitoring.
The network of European implementing agencies (Ashden Awards, BSH, Energia, GERES, GIZ, GVEP, HEDON, Practical Action, SNV) has prepared a joined Code of Best Practice, which is mainly aiming at feeding European implementing experience and knowledge into the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves (GACC) and its working processes. The Code features six guiding principles:Ensuring environmental sustainability through fuel savings and reduction of air pollution, Meeting the user needs, Deploying smart financing to enable sustainable market structures, Don’t re-invent the wheel, Building an evidence base with monitoring and validation to enhance learning and Adhering to international standards and agreements. GIZ HERA fed experiences and lessons from the GIZ stove projects all over the world into the development into this guiding document.
During the High Level Energy Forum of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) in Accra, Ghana, late October 2012, government representatives, high ranking ECOWAS diplomats and donor organizations launched five initiatives to substantiate the region’s goal for Sustainable Energy for All, among these the West African Clean Cooking Alliance (WACCA). The preparations for the launch under the leadership of ECREEE, the ECOWAS Regional Centre for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency, were strongly supported by GIZ, Energia, GERES, the Austrian Energy Agency and others. The event, which comprised a 2 hour workshop for stakeholders in the clean cooking sector as well as the official 15 minute launch during a panel session, was marked by a catchy video produced by the German journalist Jörn Breiholz and left all parties involved strongly motivated to push the topic of clean cooking in the West African Region. A first regional WACCA forum will take place in April 2013 in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. For more information on the event in Ghana, please consult http://www.iisd.ca/energy/renewable/hlfreee/Oct29.html
GIZ HERA to convene Energy for All Partnership (E4ALL) Working Group on Improved Solid Biomass Cookstoves
The Energy for All Partnership was launched in June 2009 at the Asia Clean Energy Forum. Sponsored by the Asian Development Bank (ADB). The Partnership aims to provide access to energy to 100 million people in Asia and the Pacific region by 2015. The Partnership is designed as a network platform for cooperation, knowledge and experience exchange, bringing together key stakeholders from businesses, financial institutions, governments, and non-governmental organizations. Besides different working groups on lighting and electricity, three working groups on heating and cooking were formed. The working groups offer a platform for discussions on policy advocacy, knowledge and information sharing, networking, up-scaling options for replicable business models and financing mechanisms. GIZ HERA has been approached by the E4All Partnership to convene the working group on improved solid biomass stoves. GIZ HERA´s engagement within the working group focusses on the facilitation of knowledge and experience exchange, information input, and networking. A meeting of the working group will take place at the Clean Cooking Forum in Cambodia in March 2013. For further information please access http://www.energyforall.info/clean-cookstoves-working-group/ or contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
Together with International Finance Corporation (IFC), who is administering the Lighting Africa Initiative, and the newly found Global Off-Grid Lighting Association (GOGLA), GIZ HERA invited for an experts’ exchange on the growing market for picoPV products such as solar lanterns and task lights in September 2012. After an introduction to the latest developments of Lighting Africa and the new sister programme Lighting Asia, by Rodd Eddy of IFC, a fruitful discussion on business model development for solar lanterns unfolded inspired by the short introduction to GOGLA by Wolfgang Gregor, Secretary General of the newly found association. He formerly worked for Osram in various different management positions, among them the Osram Solar Lighting Project around Lake Victoria. The meeting showed that we are at the beginning of developing best practice for the dissemination of picoPV.
With this compendium, GIZ HERA – Poverty-oriented basic energy services presents a comprehensive guide book for both practioners and project planners in the clean cooking sector. It aims at fostering large-scale dissemination of energy efficient cooking and baking technologies. The poverty-oriented basic energy services programme of GIZ (HERA) has compiled its knowledge about cooking energy in order to support the need for large-scale dissemination of energy efficient technologies for cooking and baking. Although there is already a lot of literature and information in books, within organisations and on web pages, this publication addresses the need for a compendium drawing together these broader issues on cooking energy.
You can access the compendium at https://energypedia.info/index.php/GIZ_HERA_Cooking_Energy_Compendium
New presentations in English and French about improving kitchen ventilation are now available in the GIZ Energy Cooking Compendium. For more information, please see: Kitchen Ventilation to reduce air pollution levels from cookstove smoke here.
Figure 1: An improved combined cooking-heating-baking stove developed in Gorno-Badakhshan, Tajikistan (Source: HERA Cooking Energy Compendium/Heike Volkmer)
Human beings require a certain level of ambient air temperature in order to remain healthy. The mortality rate due to respiratory diseases, high blood pressure, and stroke risks increases when room temperatures fall below 20°C. In parts of the world such as high altitude regions and the temperate zone – indoor air temperatures cannot be maintained on the required level without specific interventions. In the South American Andes, the mountainous regions of Central Asia (Pamir, Himalaya, Alai, Tienshan) and the Atlas mountains in Morocco heating is often a question of survival. The HERA Cooking Energy Compendium now offers a chapter on space heating with information on housing conditions (e.g. construction, thermal insulation), space heating devices (e.g. traditional heating stove, improved heating stoves, multi-purpose stoves, heat exchanger) and user behaviour (e.g. fuel processing, use of oven, ventilation habits). Despite the importance and relevance of indoor air temperature, the issue has been so far not received the necessary attention in the realm of development cooperation. Despite the widespread knowledge on thermal insulation as well as efficient and clean heating devices, experience and knowledge on appropriate solutions for developing countries are still in their infancy. Please feel free to further develop the chapter with your experience and additional information and feel encouraged to bring this topic to a larger audience.