At its 5th Biennial Partnership Forum in Lima, the Partnership for Clean Indoor Air (PCIA) awarded the stove component of GIZ’s Promotion of Private Sector Development in Agriculture programme (PSDA) in Kenya. Component manager Anna Ingwe received the special award for improving technology design and performance. PCIA especially appreciated and recognized the dedication of the project to rigorous field testing resulting in improved stove design and clean, efficient cooking technologies. The panel was also impressed by the commercialization of stoves activities, making the product efficient, affordable and easily available. Over 1 million stoves at household level have been disseminated between Jan 2006 – December 2010. Anna Ingwe stated: “This Award is not only a motivator, but also a reason to focus on our future plans with renewed determination. Our ambition is to reach 30% of Kenyan households with efficient stoves.” The PCIA Forum was hosted by GIZ Peru.
Micro-gasification: Cooking with gas from biomass - An introduction to the concept and the applications of wood-gas burning technologies for cookingThis handbook is a compilation of the current state of the art of micro-gasification. It is the very first systematic overview on micro-gasifiers for cooking energy. Topics include „Wood-gas‟ from biomass and its application for cooking; Technologies and applications of micro-gasification to cookstoves; Feedstocks and fuels for micro-gasification.
Modern Energy Services for Modern Agriculture – A Review of Smallholder Farming in Developing CountriesThe report highlights the important role played by modern energy services and related technologies in modern smallholder agriculture. It looks at the whole supply chain, from agricultural production, post-harvest and storage to the processing and commercialisation of crops. It also touches on the dual role of agriculture as energy user and producer and suggests management models to minimise risks for farmers by buying energy services on a fee-for-service basis.
Wood Energy – Africa’s Green Energy Future (Film, 8 min.)The sustainable production of wood as a renewable energy source has huge potential for Africa. The afforestation of degraded landscapes, establishment of wood plantations and the sustainable management of natural forests can all serve to increase energy security, provide access to energy and reduce dependency on fossil fuels. The audio slideshow promotes the idea of wood energy as a modern and potentially renewable source of energy. It shows examples from different countries where wood is sustainably produced and processed efficiently for energy purposes. The short film (8 minutes) is available in English and French and can be accessed online via GIZ’s youtube channel. If you want to get hold of a hardcopy please contact GIZ HERA
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While field tests in Bolivia and Bangladesh are still being carried out, results from Uganda and Ethiopia are now available and will be published soon. In Uganda, seven lamp models were tested over three months. Interviews with 100 households showed the following:
Children used the lamp to study, men spent more hours reading and conducting productive work, while women conduct domestic work in the evenings rather than in the morning hours. The phone charging function proved an additional source of income for 70% of users.
Users preferred multi-purpose lamps with a 360° horizontal light cone, high illuminance level and similar design and functioning as the traditional hurricane lamps. Features that make usage easier, such as a handle at the top of the lamp and indication of switch position (on/off) were also favored. Furthermore, consumers appreciated solar lamps with the ability to adjust brightness and achieve different illuminance levels. Willingness to pay differed depending on the model but was usually lower than real market prices. The absolute maximum price users were willing to pay was USD 87.00.
In Ethiopia, nine lamp models were tested by 24 families in rotation. This qualitative study showed that access to solar lanterns alleviated the need for provision of energy by women. Due to the lower risk of accidents compared to kerosene lamps, children became more autonomous as parents could leave them alone with the solar lamps. Additionally, users stated an improvement in family life, since the solar lamp provided a large and bright light hence could be used simultaneously by various users. The quality of lamps was defined in terms of glare, cone of light, ease of operation for children and the presence of a regulator in order to change the level of brightness. Moreover, people chose white, bright light instead of a yellow one. A mobile charger was considered a nice feature, but the crucial factor for the testing persons was the light itself. Interestingly, reliable companies were an important selection criterion. Even low-income households were willing to pay more for products of high quality.
RocketStove Design tool: http://www.rocketstove.org/tool/
Foreign Policy 100 Global Thinkers List: http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2010/11/29/the_fp_top_100_global_thinkers
GIZ’s latest publications: http://www2.gtz.de/publikationen/IsisSearch/publikationen/Search.aspx?Topic=energy&language=en
GIZ’s short film on Wood Energy for Africa: http://youtu.be/qqZV_LZ8t7s